I am researching the equipment of a16th century Turkish/Ottoman Knight (Sipahi), and no knight would be complete without a sword. The Turks had sabres, called kilic (kılıç). Together with the bow and arrows, the kilic was the primary weapon of the Sipahi.
A lot is being said about the famous Japanese Katana, yet I believe some other swords in the world are not less useful or beautiful. The kilic has been developed in the steppes of Central Asia over many centuries and had much opportunity to be fine-tuned and perfected in design due to constant use in battle.
|Kilic and sheat (kilic and kin)|
|Sultan Suleyman the Magnificient's kilic (16th cc) Military Museum Istanbul in Harbiye|
This blade is a precise replica of Suleyman the Magnificient's kilic at the Military Museum in Istanbul. Overall this kilic is 94 centimeters and 723 grams. The blade is forged from 5160 steel and differentially heat treated to give 60 HRc on the edge with a soft spine. The handle and the scabbard are made of wood, covered with goat leather. The crossguard, pommel cap, and all the metal parts on the 325-gram scabbard are made of German silver, decorated with repoussé. What's so special about this blade is that if you look carefully you can even see a hamon.
|Balcak(cross guard) and hilt (kabza)|
|Yalman (part with double edge). You see the fuller (groove) nicely here.|
|Battle of Mohács 1526, Ottoman miniature|
Here are the names of the different parts of the Turkish Kilic: